Explore the crystal-blue water, spectacular beauty, archaeological sites, famous myths and ancient civilizations of Greece.
Yiassas! Hair-e-teh. Kalee-maira. Hárika ya tin gnorimía. Ghia’ soo
Taking a Greece vacation allows you to experience a wide range of activities from sailing in the Aegean Sea, hiking up mountains, viewing the stunning scenery of mountains and olive groves or just swimming and sunbathing on the white sandy beaches. See the old and the new, the cities of the mainland and the beauty of the many islands for an unforgettable experience.
Greece is a country in southeastern Europe consisting of 2 mainland peninsulas and thousands of islands throughout the Aegean and Ionian seas. It’s often called the birthplace of Western civilization, and Athens, its capital, retains ancient landmarks including the 5th-century-B.C.E. Acropolis citadel and Parthenon temple. Greece is also known for its beaches, from the black sands of Santorini to the party resorts of Mykonos. This video is provided by visitgreece.gr which is the official tourism web site for Greece, run by the Greek National Tourism Organization.
REGIONS AND DESTINATIONS
ISLE OF PATMOS
Patmos is mentioned in the New Testament Book of Revelation. The book’s introduction states that its author, John, was on Patmos when he was given (and recorded) a vision from Jesus. Early Christian tradition identified this writer John of Patmos as John the Apostle, though some modern scholars are uncertain. As such, Patmos is a destination for Christian pilgrimage. Visitors can see the cave where John is said to have received his Revelation (the Cave of the Apocalypse), and several monasteries on the island are dedicated to Saint John.
THE PALACE OF MINOS AT KNOSSOS
Discovered in 1899 and partially reconstructed, the elaborate Palace is believed to be the mythical Labyrinth of King Minos and the seat of ancient Minoan culture.
Knossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and is considered Europe’s oldest city. Knossos Palace is the legendary site of Theseus fighting the Minotaur, Ariadne and her ball of string, Daedalus the architect and doomed Icarus of the wax wings.
The Aegean culture known as Minoan is the Bronze Age civilization that flourished on the island of Crete during the second and third millennia B.C. The city of Knossos was one of its main cities–and it contained its largest palace after the shattering earthquake that marks the beginning of the New Palace period in Greek archaeology, ca.1700 BC.
Palaces of the Minoan culture were likely not simply residences of a ruler, or even a ruler and his family, but rather held a public function, where others could enter and use (some of) the palace facilities.
Athens is the oldest city in Europe and the city with the longest history. The establishment of the city of Athens is lost in a mythological past. This history is still evident in the buildings and monuments of today’s Greek capital. Strolling through Athens, the visitor discovers this rich history as Ancient, Roman, Byzantine and modern monuments abound. Take advantage of this unique feature and enjoy a trip into the course of history.Take the chance to get to know the many faces of the city…including the Acropolis, the Parthenon and Erectheum.
Additional sites include the Agora (ancient market place and center of Athenian public life), the House of Parliament, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Olympic Stadium, and Presidential Palace, and the famous Plaka with a multitude of shops and cafes.
Corinth is an ancient city about 48 miles west of Athens on the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnese to the mainland of Greece. Corinth was an important city in ancient Greece and it played a major role in the missionary work of the Apostle Paul. Today, Corinth is the second largest city in the Peloponnese with several sites of interest to pilgrims and tourists.
The ruins of ancient Corinth, a short drive from the modern city of Corinth, are spread around the base of the rock of Acrocorinth, which forms a natural acropolis for the city.
On the Acrocorinth itself are ruins of the Temple of Aphrodite, of which little remains. The Temple of Aphrodite had more than 1,000 sacred prostitutes at one time, exemplifying the ancient city’s reputation for luxury and vice. Also on Acrocorinth are the ruins of a stone minaret and ancient defensive walls.
The most notable ruin of ancient Corinth is the 6th-century BC Temple of Apollo, built on a hill overlooking the remains of the Roman marketplace (agora). Seven of the original 38 Doric columns still stand, and it is one of the oldest stone temples in Greece. The temple was still functioning in the time of Paul (50s AD) but was eventually destroyed by earthquakes.
THE TOMB OF AGAMEMNON
The Tomb of Agamemnon is one of a number of ‘beehive’ tombs found in the vicinity of the ancient site of Mycenae. It is by far the best preserved of these tholos tombs, although the others are worth a visit as well.
Altogether nine of these tombs have been unearthed at Mycenae. Some of them are barely recognizable, others have just the entrance walls standing and the dome roofs have fallen in.
The tombs consist of a passageway, or dromos, which leads to the entrance, usually a massive doorway. Inside is the tholos, or round room with a domed roof. The tombs were constructed between 1510 BC and 1220 BC.